Kurds (503)


The Syrian authorities are planning to establish three new governorates including one that will cover a significant part of the Kurdish areas.


The following document is the English version of the speech delivered by the President of the National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces, during the Arab League Summit in Doha, Qatar.


The following document is the English version of the speech delivered by the President of the National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces, during the Arab League Summit in Doha, Qatar.


The following document is a translation of an interview given by Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad to Cumhuriyet, a Turkish daily.


The Final Statement for the Syria Opposition Conference Held in Cairo July 2-3, 2012

The Syrian opposition conference held under the auspices of the Arab League completed its work on the evening of 3 July 2012, with the participation of 210 figures representing the various Syrian opposition sides, political trends and independent figures inside and outside Syria, and revolutionary movements. The conference discussed responsibly all the core issues related to the Syrian revolution and the conference issued the following documents:


Unemployment in the governorate of Hassakeh, in the northeast of the country, is at 40 percent of the labour force, while more than 42 percent of households have a member of the family outside the country, according to a recent government survey.


A few days before a March 28 deadline, some 1,790 persons are reported to have submitted a bid to become candidates for the next parliamentary election that is expected to be widely boycotted by the opposition.


The Syrian Government has reportedly decided to allocate a percentage of the revenues of oil companies to the development of the Governorates in which these companies are located, the first time this type of measure is adopted in Syria.


The Swedish Migration Board has announced that it had stopped the deportation of Syrians because of the “rapidly deteriorating security situation” in their home country.


The English transcript of the interview of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad with Syrian Arab TV in 2011.


The document below is a press release issued by the Syrian National Council, the largest Syrian opposition umbrella group, at the end of the first meeting of its general assembly held in Tunisia on December 17 and 18, 2011.


The Syrian National Council, the broadest grouping of opposition forces in Syria, has made public a draft document where it specifies its plans to manage a potential political transition and its views on the Syria of the future.


The Syrian opposition appears to have finally got its act together, some six months after the beginning of the country's popular uprising, announcing yesterday the formation of a broad-based national council.


Pursuant to the Arab efforts to resolve the Syrian crisis, and preserve Syria’s security, stability, unity and territorial sovereignty, while avoiding any direct or indirect foreign intervention, and guaranteeing the implementation of reforms in a safe environment, affirms the following:


In an interview on Syrian TV yesterday, the Syrian President confirmed that the Constitution would be revised and that parliamentary elections will be held next February, yet he maintained a defiant tone towards foreign pressures and offered little in the way of political reforms.


Below, is Syrian Arab News Agency's transcript of the August 21, 2011 interview on Syrian TV with President Bashar al-Assad.


On Thursday in a significant diplomatic development, the US and its European allies called upon Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to step down from power. The move was met with repugnance on the part of the Syrian government.


Last week, the Syrian President enacted the Party and Elections laws, two pieces of legislation that the authorities describe as being significant steps in the way of political reform. However, both have been received with much skepticism by the opposition.


The Syrian government has approved a draft political party law, a move that aims at showing that it is serious in its efforts to conduct serious political reforms but that is also unlikely to redirect the course of political events in the country.


An estimated 1.2 million protestors took to the streets across Syria on Friday July 22 - the largest turnout ever since the unrest began on March 15. Earlier in the week in a significant diplomatic blow, the Embassy of Qatar in Damascus closed and its Ambassador abandoned his post. Meanwhile, the heavy crackdown against the opposition in Homs continued throughout the week.


The English transcript of the speech of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad at Damascus University on June 20, 2011. 


The Syrian Civil Aviation Authority is seeking bids for a baggage handling system in Damascus International Airport.


After two weeks of comparative calm amid weeks of acute turmoil, Friday saw a resurgence of extreme violence with the death-toll from the day's after-prayers protests reportedly reaching as high as 44.


On Friday, violence in Syria reached shocking levels as more than 100 were killed in crackdowns against protestors who rallied after morning prayers in cities, towns and villages across the country.


The English transcript of the speech of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad before the newly-sworn Government on April 16.


Over the weekend, President Bashar al-Assad addressed the nation for the second time since the beginning of the unrest in mid-March. His speech highlighted the most significant demands of the country's protest movement and came on the heels of another week of turbulence in cities and villages across the country.


Protests in Syria are approaching their fifth week and are showing no signs of slowing. The death toll from ongoing unrest continues to rise as the government states there is "no more room for leniency or tolerance" in response to recent turmoil in the country.


The Syrian Government has formalized a harder approach to protests as Said Bkheitan, the deputy head of the Baath Party, said that the situation now requires “deterring and decisive decisions” to restore order.


This morning, the Syrian President issued a decree granting citizenship to tens of thousands of Syrian Kurds.


Protests across Syria, which are yet to gain critical mass, reached for the first time the country’s north-east, following a Presidential speech that failed to deliver much-awaited announcements on political reforms.


The Syrian President established on March 31 three committees that will look at some of the grievances of the population, including the scrapping of the Emergency Law and the granting of citizenship to up to 250,000 Kurds.


The Syrian President issued on March 24 a decree easing the rules for acquiring lands and real estate properties in border areas, a major demand of protesters who have taken to the street in Daraa in the last 10 days.


Updated March 28th: Since the inception of unrest in Syria on March 15 2011, tensions here have shown few signs of cooling and indeed have been continually stoked by rising fatalities.


The English transcript of the interview of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad with the Wall Street Journal on January 31, 2011.


Syria and Turkey signed eleven cooperation agreements and confirmed the launch of six projects in the coming months at the end of the second meeting of the Syrian-Turkish High-Level Strategic Cooperation Council (STHLSCC) held in Ankara on December 20 ...


The English transcript of the interview of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad with TRT on October 06, 2010.


The English transcript of the interview of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad with Hurriyet on November 08, 2009.


The English transcript of the interview of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad with Zaman Daily on September 16, 2009.

The 2003 Iraq War and subsequent turmoil in the war-torn country, especially since the outbreak of rampant sectarian violence in 2006, have resulted in a massive influx of Iraqi refugees pouring into Syria.

The English transcript of the interview of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad with Mother Jones on April 05, 2007.


The Syria Report talks to Ammar Qurabi, head of the National Organisation for Human Rights (NOHR) on how the younger generation of Syria’s activist leaders can break the vicious circle between regime crackdown and a weak and divided opposition.

Respect for human rights in Syria has reached “its lowest point” since President Bashar al-Assad took power in 2000, according to the 2006 report by the London-based Syrian Human Rights Committee (SHRC) released in English in the last week of June.


The Syria Report talks to Akram Bunni, journalist, activist and former political prisoner held for 17 years for his work in the Communist Action Party, on the imprisonment of his brother, the Damascus-Beirut Declaration and the threat of the opposition in exile.

Former Syrian Vice President Abdel Halim Khaddam’s media campaign against President Bashar al-Assad moved up a gear in June following a London meeting of the exiled Syrian opposition, with Khaddam claiming he has evidence that implicates Assad in the assassination of former Lebanese premier Rafik Hariri and saying he had given extensive testimony on such to the UN inquiry into the murder.

Amnesty International (AI), the international human rights group, said that human rights defenders are being tortured, ill treated, deported and some are disappearing in Syria in its annual report launched on May 23 covering events in Syria through 2005.


The Government approved on May 2 the set-up of the "Eastern Region Development council", which will have the task to coordinate development programs in the three eastern provinces of Hassakeh, Raqqa and Deir-ez-Zor.


Syrian authorities launched the most significant crackdown on civil society activists since the crushing of the pro-democracy movement the Damascus Spring in 2001, arresting two of the country’s highest profile opposition figures, along with at least six others, in the wake of a document signed by some 300 Lebanese and Syrian activists urging Damascus to institutionalise its relations with Beirut.

Amnesty International, the international rights group, issued a statement on April 3 calling on the Syrian government “to immediately release all those arrested for peacefully expressing their opinions.”

Exiled former Syrian Vice-President Abdel-Halim Khaddam and Ali Bayanouni, leader of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, announced the creation of a united front on March 17 aimed at forming a transitional government to bring about "regime change" from President Bashar al-Assad to democracy.

The past fortnight has seen a state crack down on opposition forces in the country, with several leading pro-democracy activists detained for varying periods of time and large numbers of Kurds arrested in developments that have attracted criticism from the US State Department.