Homs Refinery (47)


Syrians once again find themselves facing long queues at petrol stations as shortages of oil products in the country resume, bringing a few weeks of relative stability to an end. 


The list below includes all the Syrian individuals, entities, aircrafts and vessels that have been put under sanctions by the U.S. Administration since 2005.


The Syrian government has awarded tens of millions of dollars worth of contracts to companies to supply equipment and spare parts for its two major oil refineries, including a major contract to a company owned by the Katerji family.


Syria is seeing a twin supply crisis of both bread and oil, which is generating rising tensions among the population and highlighting the dysfunction of the government.


Updated on April 22, 2020: The original version of this article attributed attacks on Syrian gas fields to the Islamic State. We have since received contradictory information and have removed any reference to the identity of the perpetrators of these attack and edited the text accordingly.


The list below includes the names of all the Syrian entities that have been blacklisted by the European Union since the beginning of the uprising in March 2011.


Syria’s oil and gas infrastructure has been attacked twice this week after several similar incidents in recent months which may indicate that the country’s energy infrastructure is being systematically targeted.


An explosion at the Banias Refinery last week killed a worker and could impact the distribution of oil products if the damage is extensive.


Syria’s unrelenting energy crisis is pushing the government to try various solutions, including new supplies from the northeast and more import licenses to private investors.


Opposition media are reporting that oil supplies from Kurdish to regime areas are ongoing through the intermediation of a Syrian business family recently put under sanctions.


Government sources have confirmed Syria’s current output of crude oil and that most oil is still supplied through tankers.


Two new wells started production north of Damascus last week adding capacity to Syria’s gas production.


A Lebanese media close to the Syrian regime has provided an estimate for the oil production in the Kurdish-controlled part of the country.


The Minister of Petroleum has set production targets for both oil and gas for next year and 2019.


Data from the Syrian government provide indications on the sources of Syria’s crude oil procurements.


The Syrian Government continues to import substantial volumes of crude oil thanks to Iran’s financial support, an official has said.


Local activists have highlighted the continuing oil trade taking place between the Islamic State and the Syrian regime through an increasingly powerful intermediary.


Syria has reportedly signed a preliminary agreement with Russian and Lebanese traders to use the spare capacity at its two crude oil refineries in Homs and Banias.


Syria’s Minister of Oil has denied that the oil pipeline linking the Hassakeh oil fields to the Homs refinery was in use.


An update by the Ministry of Petroleum has confirmed the dire situation of the Syrian oil and gas industry.


Syria’s natural gas output has declined to around half its pre-uprising level, according to data from the Minister of Petroleum.


Syria refined 3.029 million tons of oil products in the first quarter of this year, an increase of 3.84 percent from planned levels, the Ministry of Petroleum said.


Syria’s production of crude oil stood at 387,000 barrels of oil a day in the first quarter of this year, an increase of 4,000 bpd compared to the same period of 2010, according to the Ministry of Petroleum.

SLC Petroleum Inc. of Canada has been awarded a contract to treat 500,000 cubic meters of oil sludge at Homs Refinery.

Demand for electricity in Syria increased by 5.9 percent in 2009, according to the Public Establishment for Electricity Generation and Transmission.


Venezuela might increase its stake in the Furoqlos Oil Refinery project to provide it with the financing needed for its launch, Sufian Al-Allaw, Syria’s Minister of Petroleum, said.


Syria and Iran have signed a memorandum of understanding for the development of various joint projects in the energy sector including the construction of a pipeline that would carry gas from Iran’s southern gas fields to Europe through Syria.


The state-owned oil companies of Syria, Iran and Venezuela, and a Malaysian private firm, have formally signed the agreement setting up a company between them to establish a refinery in the region of Furoqlos, east of Homs.


The Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources has published data on the 2007 performance of the country’s major state-owned oil firms including SPC, the two refineries of Banias and Homs, and Mahrukat.

The Government has decided to restructure the Oil and Gas sector by creating two bodies that will oversees separately the upstream and downstream sectors.

Syria is planning to double its oil refining capacity in the coming five years and switch its exports towards refined products, according to Ibrahim Haddad, Minister of Oil and Mineral Resources.

Gas production is taking an increasing role in Syria's energy policy. More gas reserves are found while the development of the Syrian part of the Arab Gas Pipeline has been Okayed.

Syria's Ministry of Oil is planning to establish a polyethylene plant and soda caustic unit, affiliated with the Homs Refinery Company as a first step in the launch of a local petrochemical industry.

The upgrading and expansion of Homs refinery, the country's largest crude oil refinery, is expected to cost an estimated USD590 million, according to Ahmed Hammoud, Director-General.
Ibrahim Haddad, Syria's minister of oil and mineral resources, was early November in Cyprus to push forward Syria's bid to supply Cyprus with its energy needs.
The feasibility study for the building of a new pipeline carrying Iraqi oil through Syria has been completed, said Ibrahim Haddad, Syria's Minister of oil and mineral resources.