The Most Notable Laws and Decrees Issued in Syria Over the Past Decade Related to HLP Issues

Law Number Date of issue Name of law Details
Legislative Decree No. 43 of 2011 24/03/2011 Amendment to Law No. 41 of 2004 Laid out principles for the creation, transfer, modification and acquisition of real estate rights in lands located within border areas
Law No. 11 of 2011 10/04/2011 Provisions for Real Estate Rights in Syria for Non-Syrians Principles for creating, modifying or transferring any real estate right within the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic for the benefit of a non-Syrian, whether they are an individual person or a legal entity.
Legislative Decree No. 76 of 2011 28/06/2011 Regulating the Work of the General Housing Establishment Repealed by Legislative Decree No. 26 of 2015
Law No. 8 of 2012 22/02/2012 The “Real Estate Appraiser” Profession, and Conditions for Practicing this Profession Provisions related to employees in both public and private organisations who perform real estate appraisals.
Legislative Decree No. 36 of 2012 14/05/2012 Amendment to Law No. 8 of 2012 Grants a transitional period until 31-12-2012, during which real estate appraisers could continue performing their duties
Legislative Decree No. 68 of 2011 16/06/2011 Implementing the Provisions of Legislative Decree No. 59 of 2008 Concerns building code violations for structures located on maritime properties
Law No. 25 of 2011 14/12/2011 The Real Estate Development Law The provisions of this law apply to real estate developers and individuals selling off-plan property units within real estate developments projects.
Law No. 32 of 2011 31/12/2011 Amendment to Rental Law No. 6 of 2001 Concerns vacating properties leased to the public sector, including governmental organisations and other entities
Legislative Decree No. 40 of 2012 20/05/2012 Building Violations Provisions for construction undertaken within a permit, or construction work that violates the licence granted
Law No. 19 of 2012 28/06/2012 Anti-Terrorism Law Authorises confiscation of movable and immovable property of those convicted by its rulings
Legislative Decree No. 63 of 2012 16/09/2012 Judicial Police Authorities  Grants judicial police the right to preventative seizure of defendants’ properties
Legislative Decree No. 66 of 2012 18/09/2012 Providing for the Establishment of Two Development Zones in the Governorate of Damascus within the General Plan for Damascus City Sets up two organisational zones within the general plan for Damascus city to develop areas containing building code violations and irregular housing, in accordance with detailed organisational studies prepared by Damascus governorate and certified under current laws and regulations. The First Zone: Regulation of the southeastern zone of Mazzeh from the two real estate zones Mazzeh and Kafr Sousseh. The Second Zone: Regulation of the area south of the southern ring, from the real estate zones of Mazzeh, Kafr Sousseh, Qanawat Basatin, Darayya, Qadam.
Legislative Decree No. 26 of 2013 25/04/2013 Determining the Conditions for Permitting and Preventing Real Estate Owners of Lands Located within the Boundaries of the Zoning Plans Provisions for owners of properties within the boundaries of any approved general zoning plans to dispose of those properties
Law No. 13 of 2014 25/06/2014 Postponement of Law No. 32 of 2011, which Amends the Rental Law Provided a three-year postponement, starting from 01-01-2015
Law No. 16 of 2014 20/07/2014 Real Estate Judges Law Concerns appointments of real estate judges, their duties and the nature of their work
Legislative Decree No. 37 of 2014 19/08/2014 On Selling and Allocating Housing for Public or Social Entities Special provisions regulating the sale and allocation of public and social housing
Law No. 1 of 2015 15/01/2015 Ruling to Form Committees to Termination of Common Property in the Provinces Terminated Law No. 21 of 1986 and reorganised committees to Termination of Common Property in the provinces
Legislative Decree No. 26 of 2015 27/05/2015 Regulating the Work of the General Housing Establishment Repealed Legislative Decree No. 76 of 2011
Law No. 20 of 2015 11/11/2015 Rental Law  Regulates rental contracts signed for residential properties before February 2001 and for commercial properties before February 2006
Law No. 21 of 2015 23/11/2015 Exempting Owners of Properties Damaged by Terrorist Attacks from Construction Permit Fees Exempts owners from paying construction permit fees when either completely or partially repairing or restoring their properties
Law No. 23 of 2015 08/12/2015 Planning and Urban Development Law Provides a mechanism for issuing zoning plans, as well as methods for handling areas where there are building code violations and informally built housing
Legislative Decree No. 11 of 2016 05/05/2016 Halting Registration of Personal Real Estate Rights within Property Departments Closed Due to Emergency Security Conditions This law considers null the registration of property rights in areas outside regime control
Legislative Decree No. 12 of 2016 19/05/2016 Decree to Consider the Digital Copy of the Real Rights Incidents Transferred from the Land Record in the Public Entity Legally Entrusted with Keeping Records of Real Estate Ownership Records of an Evidentiary Nature Stipulates the production of a digital copy of the real estate records, then reproduction of a hard copy from the digital copy. Offers a four-month period to field objections to the contents of the digital copy 
Law No. 33 of 2017 23/10/2017 Regulating the Reproduction of a Lost or Damaged Real Estate Document Gives the Real Estate Directorate the right to undertake a set of procedures ending with issuing an alternative to the lost or damaged real estate document
Law No. 42 of 2017 03/12/2017 Extending the Time Limit Mentioned in the Text of Paragraph A of Article 12 of Law No. 20 of 2015 Amends the Rental Law, with a deadline of three years, starting 01-01-2018
Law No. 1 of 2018 18/01/2018 Establishment of a Reserve Around Al-Fijeh Springs This text, enacted at the beginning of 2018, establishes a protected area around the Fijeh Springs, which involves the expropriation of real estate within the immediate surrounding of the water canals that transport water from the springs to Damascus
Law No. 3 of 2018 12/02/2018 Removing the Rubble of Buildings Damaged by Natural or Unnatural Causes, or Because they Are Subject to Laws Requiring their Demolition Defines destroyed or damaged facilities, and how to remove the rubble, as well as the costs of removing it 
Law No. 10 of 2018 02/04/2018 Providing for the Establishment by Decree, Based on the Recommendation of the Minister of Local Administration and Environment, of One or More Development Zones within the General Zoning Plans for the Administrative Units, and Amendment of Some Items of Legislative Decree No. 66 of Year 2012 Expands the scope of Decree No. 66 of 2012, making it applicable to all Syrian governorates
Law No. 42 of 2018 06/12/2018 Amendment to Some Articles of Law No. 10 of 2018 and Legislative Decree No. 66 of 2012 The main amendment concerns the deadlines for submitting homeownership documents and objections
Law No. 5 of 2020 17/03/2020 Amendment to Legislative Decree No. 40 of 2012 Contains one article, concerning local administrative units’ seizure of machinery and building materials used in construction that violates building code